As a celebration for today’s Fourth of July holiday, below are some of the questions that are on the test. We’ve taken out most — though not all — of the easy ones.
1. What is an amendment?
2. What do we call the first 10 amendments to the Constitution?
3. What is freedom of religion?
4. What is the “rule of law?”
5. Name one branch or part of the government.
6. Who is one of your state’s U.S. senators?
7. Name your U.S. representative.
8. We elect a president for how many years?
9. In what month do we vote for president?
10. What is the name of the president of the United States now?
11. What is the name of the vice president of the United States now?
12. Who is the commander in chief of the military?
13. Who signs bills to become laws?
14. Who vetoes bills?
15. What does the judicial branch do?
16. What is the highest court in the United States?
17. Who is the governor of your state now?
18. What is the capital of your state?
19. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
20. What is the political party of the president now?
21. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
22. Name one right only for United States citizens.
23. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
24. What is one promise you make when you become a U.S. citizen?
25. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
26. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
27. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
28. What is one reason colonists came to America?
29. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
30. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
31. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
32. Who is the “Father of Our Country?”
33. Who was the first president?
34. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
35. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
36. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
37. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
38. Who was president during the Great Depression and World War II?
39. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
40. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
41. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
42. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
43. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
44. Name one U.S. territory.
45. Name one state that borders Canada.
46. Name one state that borders Mexico.
47. What is the capital of the United States?
48. Where is the Statue of Liberty?
49. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
50. Why does the flag have 50 stars?
51. What is the name of the national anthem?
52. When do we celebrate Independence Day?
53. Name two national U.S. holidays.
1. A change (to the Constitution); an addition (to the Constitution).
2. The Bill of Rights.
3. You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
4. Everyone must follow the law; leaders must obey the law; government must obey the law; no one is above the law.
5. Legislative, president, executive, the courts, judicial.
6. Jeff Sessions, Richard Shelby (Alabama).
7. Mike Rogers (Alabama, 3rd District).
8. Four (4).
10. Barack Obama.
11. Joe Biden.
12. The president.
13. The president.
14. The president.
15. Reviews laws; explains laws; resolves disputes (disagreements); decides if a law goes against the Constitution.
16. The Supreme Court.
17. Robert Bentley (Alabama).
18. Montgomery (Alabama).
19. Democratic and Republican.
21. Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote); you don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote; any citizen can vote (Women and men can vote); a male citizen of any race (can vote).
22. Vote in a federal election; run for federal office.
23. The United States; the flag.
24. Give up loyalty to other countries; defend the Constitution and laws of the United States; obey the laws of the United States; serve in the U.S. military (if needed); serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed); be loyal to the United States.
25. vote; join a political party; help with a campaign; join a civic group; join a community group; give an elected official your opinion on an issue; call senators and representatives; publicly support or oppose an issue or policy; run for office; write to a newspaper.
26. April 15.
27. At age eighteen (18); between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26).
28. Freedom; political liberty; religious freedom; economic opportunity; practice their religion; escape persecution.
29. American Indians; Native Americans.
30. Africans; people from Africa.
31. U.S. diplomat; oldest member of the Constitutional Convention; first Postmaster General of the United States; writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”; started the first free libraries.
32. (George) Washington.
33. (George) Washington.
34. War of 1812; Mexican-American War; Civil War; Spanish-American War.
35. The Civil War; the War between the States.
36. Freed the slaves; freed slaves in the Confederacy; freed slaves in the Confederate states; freed slaves in most Southern states.
37. World War I; World War II; Korean War; Vietnam War; (Persian) Gulf War.
38. (Franklin) Roosevelt.
39. Japan, Germany and Italy.
40. Civil rights (movement).
41. Missouri (River); Mississippi (River).
42. Pacific (Ocean).
43. Atlantic (Ocean).
44. Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, Guam.
45. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska.
46. California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas.
47. Washington, D.C.
48. New York (Harbor), Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
49. Because there were 13 original colonies; because the stripes represent the original colonies.
50. Because there is one star for each state; because each star represents a state; because there are 50 states.
51. The Star-Spangled Banner.
52. July 4.
53. New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas.