The high court's ruling on a legal challenge by Shelby County pleased that county's lawyer, Gov. Robert Bentley, the state's attorney general and the speaker of the House. They say that the ruling means Alabama can make its own decisions, and they pointed out that much has changed in the decades since the law was enacted.
In a 5-4 ruling, the court declared unconstitutional the provision of the landmark Voting Rights Act that determines which states and localities must get Washington's approval for proposed election changes.
The decision effectively puts an end to the advance approval requirement that has been used, mainly in the South, to open up polling places to minority voters in the nearly half century since it was first enacted in 1965, unless Congress can come up with a new formula that Chief Justice John Roberts said meets "current conditions" in the United States.
Bentley said that the provision was necessary in the 1960s, but that there was no longer need for Alabama to get clearance from the federal government to change its voting procedures and rules.
"We have long lived up to what happened then, and we have made sure it's not going to happen again," he said.
He pointed out that the Alabama Legislature is 27 percent black — a similar proportion to the state's overall population — as a sign of the state's progress.
"I assure you that as long as I am governor we are not going to discriminate against anyone," he said.
Shelby County attorney Butch Ellis said the high court's ruling will save local and state governments time and money without hurting the cause of voting equality. Ellis says local governments have spent more than $1 billion seeking Justice Department approval of voting changes. He says money spent on lawyers in the past can now go to schools, police and fire protections.
"I'm elated. It means that 12,000 cities, counties and states across the country that have been retained by this section under an outdated formula ... will no longer have to seek preclearance," said Ellis.
Attorney General Luther Strange said he was happy that the court recognized changes made in the South in the decades since the law was enacted.
"The Supreme Court today rightly recognized that Alabama and other covered jurisdictions could not be treated unequally based on things that happened decades ago," he said.
House Speaker Mike Hubbard, R-Auburn, said the ruling will allow Alabama more autonomy.
"The Alabama of today is vastly different than the one of a half century ago, and the time for us to be freed from the burden of federal oversight is long overdue. Today's ruling clearly states that our constitutional rights as Alabamians take precedence over the wants and whims of liberal Justice Department bureaucrats in Washington, D.C.," he said.